Another legend claims that the yellow color was chosen to represent the sun while the red color was to represent the bloodshed by the Spanish people. One such legend states that the red and yellow colors of the flag were chosen to honor the popular Spanish tradition of bullfighting where the red color was chosen to represent the blood spilled by the bulls while yellow represents the sand in the bull-fighting arena. However, the accurate explanation behind the choice of colors can be found with a historic 18th-century Spanish naval ensign.
The red and yellow colors of the naval ensign were chosen for being the primary colors on the coat of arms of King Ferdinand II. The coat of arms set on the national flag is a combination of six different coats of arms, representing the six kingdoms which make up Spain. The red castle represents the Kingdom of Castile, and the red lion represents the Kingdom of Leon, the vertically-running red and yellow stripes represent the kingdom of Aragon, the golden chain link represents the kingdom of Navarre.
The pomegranate flower at the bottom represents the kingdom of Granada, and the Flower of the Lily fleur-de-lis represents the House of Bourbon. The two Pillars of Hercules symbolize the Straits of Gibraltar and on top of the two pillars are two crowns, an imperial crown, and a royal crown. The royal crown symbolized the King of Spain while the imperial crown symbolized the Holy Roman Emperor with King Charles serving in both capacities in the late 18th century.
This page was last updated on August 1, During the session of the Malolos Congress , Aguinaldo presented the symbolism of the official flag to the members, delegates and representatives of the assembly as follows: . The Flag bears three colors, three stars, and a sun, the meaning of which are as follows: the red is symbolic of Filipino courage which is second to none, and was the color used during the war in the province of Cavite since the 31st of August , until the Peace of Biak-na-Bato [in ]; the blue carries an allegorical meaning that all Filipinos will prefer to die before submitting ourselves to the invader, whoever he may be; the white conveys the idea that, like other nations, the Filipinos know how to govern themselves, and that they do not recede from observation of foreign powers.
The sun and its rays stirred up Filipinos and spread the light over their world, piercing the clouds that enshrouded it; it is now the light which brightens every spot in the Philippine islands, and under its influence the Itas, Igorots, Manguians, and Moros, all of whom I believe were made in the image of God, and whom I recognize as our brethren, now come down from the mountains to join with us.
The original flag that was first hoisted on May 28, and unfurled during the Declaration of independence on June 12, is being preserved at the Gen. Emilio Aguinaldo Museum in Baguio City. There were plans to restore the flag by replacing the worn-out portion but the idea was abandoned because matching threads could not be found. The flag is more elaborate than the flag which is currently in use.
Hostilities broke out between the Philippines and the United States in The flag was first flown with the red field up on February 4, to show that a state of war existed. Aguinaldo was captured by the Americans two years later, and swore allegiance to the United States.
With the defeat of the Philippine Republic, the Philippines was placed under American colonial rule and the display of the Philippine flag was declared illegal by the Sedition Act of This law was repealed on October 24, On March 26, , the Philippine Legislature passed Act. No on March 26, , which legally adopted the Philippine flag as the official flag of the Philippine Islands.
The Commonwealth of the Philippines was inaugurated in On March 25, , President Manuel L. Quezon issued Executive Order No. The exact shades of colors, however, were not precisely defined. These specifications have remained unchanged and in effect to the present. In , Flag Day was officially moved to June 12, commemorating the date that Philippine independence was proclaimed in The flag was once again banned with the Japanese invasion and occupation of the Philippines beginning in December , to be hoisted again with the establishment of the Second Republic of the Philippines, a client state of Japan.
In ceremonies held in October , Emilio Aguinaldo hoisted the flag with the original Cuban blue and red colors restored. Laurel proclaimed the existence of a state of war with the Allied Powers in The Commonwealth government-in-exile in Washington, D.
WordPress theme by AbdooElhamdaoui. Orange is great for a call to action to buy or subscribe to a product. Transport planes are operated by MIAT under its livery. This beautiful hand-drawn logo uses natural shades of green and a relaxed look to suggest a business that is focussed on nature. Our newsletter is only for the coolest kids. Each of those company logos sport simple, non-serif fonts minus the S and Y on Subway. Purple Purple has the stability of blue and the energy of red, two primary colors.
Philippine flag with the proposed ninth ray. Osorio's proposal. Proposal by former President Fidel V. Another proposal by former President Fidel V.
Prior to the independence centennial celebrations, the provincial government of Zambales lobbied that the sunburst design accommodate a ninth ray, reasoning that their province was also in a state of rebellion in The Centennial Commission however refuted this change, based on research by the National Historical Institute. He reasons that the first uprising against the Spaniards happened at the foot of Mount Banahaw which was led by Hermano Pule in This measure was later substituted by Senate Bill No.
The bill was sent to the House of Representatives for concurrence   which came up with House Bill Both S. As of [update] , the Ninth Ray movement is among the prominent groups pushing for the addition of a ninth ray to the flag's sun. Proponents of the movement believe that a ninth ray should be added to represent the Muslim and indigenous people of the country who kept colonizers away from their lands. Emmanuel L. Osorio, one of the founders of the Ninth Ray movement, came up with a proposal adding not only a ninth ray to the flag's sun but also adding a fourth star to the flag representing North Borneo present-day Sabah , a territory claimed by the Philippines but currently under Malaysian sovereignty.
The flag's triangle is changed into a rectangle to accommodate a fourth star. According to Osorio, the star representing Sabah in his proposed flag was added "in principle" and said the flag proposal seeks to express the Ninth Ray movement's view that "if we get Sabah, then it could be represented by the star". There have been numerous proposals as to how the crescent moon should be incorporated into the flag, including one such proposal from former President Fidel V. The flag should be displayed in all government buildings, official residences , public plazas , and schools every day throughout the year.
All other places as may be designated by the National Historical Commission as such.
By law, the Philippine flag must be permanently hoisted and illuminated at night at the following locations: . Senate of the Philippines building. Supreme Court of the Philippines building. Rizal Monument in Luneta, Manila. Aguinaldo Shrine in Kawit, Cavite. Tomb of the Unknown Soldier.
All international ports of entry. All other places as maybe designated by the National Historical Commission of the Philippines. The display of the Philippine flag in cockpit arenas , casinos, disco venues, night and day clubs, gambling joints and "places of vice or where frivolity prevails" is illegal.
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The flag may be flown at half-mast as a sign of mourning. The flag should be flown at half-mast for seven days following the death of the Vice President , the Chief Justice , the President of the Senate or the Speaker of the House of Representatives.
The flag may also be required to fly at half-mast upon the death of other persons to be determined by the National Historical Institute, for a period less than seven days. The flag shall be flown at half-mast on all the buildings and places where the decedent was holding office, on the day of death until the day of interment of an incumbent member of the Supreme Court, the Cabinet, the Senate or the House of Representatives, and such other persons as may be determined by the National Historical Commission.
When flown at half-mast, the flag should be first hoisted to the peak for a moment then lowered to the half-mast position. It should be raised to the peak again before it is lowered for the day.
A bill was filed on , to mandate the flying of the flag at half-mast as a tribute to public school teachers. Under the proposal the flag shall be flown at half-mast for at least five days at the school or district office the deceased teacher was assigned.
The flag may also be used to cover the caskets of the dead of the military and civil uniformed services, veterans of previous wars, national artists, and outstanding civilians as determined by the local government. In such cases, the flag must be placed such that the white triangle is at the head and the blue portion covers the right side of the casket. The flag should not be lowered to the grave or allowed to touch the ground, but should be solemnly folded and handed to the heirs of the deceased.
The Philippines does not utilize a separate war flag ; instead, the national flag itself is used for this purpose. In times of peace, however, the blue area is the superior field.
The only instance that the flag was not oriented with red as superior in a state of war was at its debut during the Battle of Alapan in , 15 days before the Philippine Declaration of Independence in Kawit, Cavite. However both small and large businesses in the Philippines have used elements of the Philippine flag for their intellectual property. When it comes to this concern, the IPOPHIL has allowed businesses to use elements of the flag to invoke the national symbol as long as the intellectual property is neither a "true representation" of the Philippine flag nor a "modification that would amount to defacement of the flag".
According to Republic Act itself, it shall be prohibited: . The Act mandates that violators shall, upon conviction, be punished by fine or imprisonment.